Red Sox Uniforms | Facts and Trivia

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Red Sox Uniform


Heath Robbins

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A compendium of facts and trivia about the Red Sox uniforms:

On December 18, 1907, shortly after Boston’s National League team revealed that the new uniforms for 1908 eliminated their customary red stockings, owner John I. Taylor of the Boston Americans pounced. He quickly decided that his team would adopt red hose and call themselves the Boston Red Sox. Taylor personally oversaw the uniform design, selecting red stockings because Boston’s first professional baseball team — the Red Stockings — had worn them. Taylor appreciated the link with tradition. It was predicted that the name “Red Sox” would prove a popular choice.

Was Taylor imprudently putting the health, or even the lives of his players in jeopardy? Historian Ellery Clark wrote that the owners of the National League team, George and John Dovey, “decided the red dye in their club’s stockings might well lead to blood infection and even worse if and when or more of their players were cut in the leg by opposing spikes. The grand old color and the nickname were abandoned in the interests of health.”

Rash though Taylor’s decision may have been, generations of Red Sox players have come and gone with no documented case of red dye disease.

Baseball uniforms were traditionally made of wool flannel, which were durable but sometimes seemed exceptionally hot. There are tales of a ballplayer losing five or six pounds while playing the old St. Louis Browns in midsummer. The older fabric “breathed,” though, in a way that some of the knit polyester wear of the last couple of decades of the 20th century did not.

Red Sox in pinstripes? From 1912-1931, both home and road unis were with pinstripes.

The standard “B” cap is de riguer throughout most of New England, though in recent years it’s become available in pink, in camouflage, and other fashion variations. The team itself has almost invariably worn a navy blue cap since 1933 save for a flirtation with red in the middle 1970s. For the 2009 season, the Sox adopted an alternative cap with the “hanging sox” logo, reviving a device used in one earlier season — 1931 — both on the cap and the left sleeve.

In addition to the “hanging sox” cap, 1931 was also the first year that the Red Sox wore numbers on the back of their jerseys. The highest number yet issued to a player is the 84 given to J.T. Snow, which he wore in 2006 as a tribute to his pro football father, the late Jack Snow.

Since 1969, one person, Valentina Federico, who works out of the Riddell All-American Sports shop in Somerville, Massachusetts, has sewn the numbers for all the Red Sox jerseys.

Some players are tougher on unis than others. Riddell’s Neil DeTeso — who launders all the uniforms for the Sox, Patriots, and a couple of hundred schools in the Greater Boston area — dubs Youkilis and Pedroia the “pine tar kids.” Nomar often had more patches on his pants than any other player of his day, but the roughest of all in Neil’s 31 years on the job was Jose Canseco.

In all those 31 years, how many Sox tops have gone astray? Not a single one that was in his care, says DeTeso.

Ted Williams was well-known for his refusal to doff his cap to the cheering crowds, but in his rookie year — 1939 — he played right field and often tipped his cap, as Eddie Collins’ secretary said: “When he’d hit a home run, he’d reach for the button on top of his cap with the tips of his fingers as he rounded first base. Then he’d lift it off his head about three inches and let it plop back on top of his head.”

One piece of headgear Williams never wore was a batting helmet. Beginning in 1971, helmets were required throughout baseball. Red Sox catcher Bob Montgomery wore all sorts of protective gear, but then-current players were grandfathered. Monty eschewed the helmet and in 1979 became the last batter to hit without one.

The red shoes the Red Sox sported in 1977 and ’78 were a little much, but after that year’s playoff loss, they had to make some kind of change. Sadly, they also ditched the horizontal blue stripes that had graced the top of the stockings since 1936.

Clearly, there have been some fashion choices made as to stockings, ranging from Manny Ramirez‘s baggy pants that almost covered his cleats to the high stockings still worn by some — a Mike Timlin or a Daniel Bard.

There was the day back in 1975 when Roger Moret wore Luis Tiant‘s jersey after thieves robbed the Sox clubhouse during the night before and made off with 17 jerseys and four pairs of pants. Moret had to wear Tiant’s shirt in a relief stint the evening of May 12. He faced one batter and induced a double play.

How many different uniform styles have the Red Sox worn over the years? There have been any number of minor changes to this and that element (the belt loops, trim styles, cap variations), but one of the more surprising stretches ranged from 1913-1930 when home jerseys bore no lettering at all, front or back, nor did the caps. Road shirts simply said “Red Sox”.

Just as the Red Sox never played the National Anthem at Fenway before 1931 (they played the “Star Spangled Banner” often, but it was not designated the National Anthem until 1931), neither Babe Ruth nor Cy Young nor Tris Speaker nor any Red Sox player before 1931 ever wore a number.

The Boston native to appear in the most games wearing a Red Sox uniform is Manny Delcarmen.

Most players don their uniforms in the clubhouse but on May 1, 2006, catcher Doug Mirabelli put his on in the back seat of a Massachusetts State Police cruiser that whisked him from Logan Airport to Fenway Park, arriving 13 minutes before first pitch. He played the game without a protective cup.

There was one very hot day in 1955 when there were two players on the field both wearing #9 — Ted Williams, playing left field, and pitcher Frank Sullivan, who changed into his third jersey during the game, one of Ted’s.

Then there was April 15, 2009 when everyone — on both teams, and even the umpires — all wore #42. They were honoring Jackie Robinson‘s birthday. You couldn’t tell the players with a scorecard.

Each player typically has eight regular uniforms — two of each style for home and two of each for the road.

Newer synthetic fabrics such as Majestic’s Cool Base are favored by many players today; Jacoby Ellsbury wears nothing else — while Big Papi has never worn it.

The Red Sox did not wear uniform numbers prior to the 1931 season.

The number worn by more players than any other is #15, worn by 52 players.

  • I remember years ago visiting my mother when she worked at Stall and Dean on Montello St. in Brockton. Watching the making of baseball glove,hockey pads etc. What I also remember was the very strong smell of freshly tanned leather.

  • No I do not take medication for O-C Disorder just because I think/believe/feel that pants should be tucked in like in days of yore. Those baggy/floppy pants of today look like the guys are running around in their ‘jamies….Ugh. The same goes for those flip-floppy knee length “shorts???” of basketball. If you want your squeeze to not b…. at ya for watching the game, give ’em back the mini-shorts of days gone by….she’ll be sitting by your side like she does for football. Oh, maybe it’s that you’re not Macho enough for the competition?

  • Hi Mr. Lombardo,

    After I recently purchased an unused / great condition vintage Stall & Dean 1B glove for my son (1970s model, probably one of their last), I was curious about the company. Stall & Dean is far from defunct and is in fact thriving:



  • micheal

    For a number of years Red Sox uniforms were made by the now defunct Stall and Dean Manufacturing Company of Brockton, MA. At one time this company not only supplied the uniforms but also the baseball gloves and catchers’ mitts for a number of major league teams. In a personal note, Ted Williams uniform in Coooperstown was supplied by the afore mentioned company and made by my mother Phyllis Lombardo.


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