Growing Vegetables Chart

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In addition to this information on when to start seeds, when to fertilize, and when to water, see tips for beginner gardeners.

Vegetable Start Seeds Indoors
(weeks before last spring frost)
Start Seeds Outdoors
(weeks before or after last spring frost)
Minimum Soil Temperature to Germinate (°F) Cold Hardiness When to Fertilize When to Water
Beans Anytime after 48-50 Tender After heavy bloom and set of pods Regularly, from start of pod to set
Beets 4 before to 4 after 39-41 Half-hardy At time of planting Only during drought conditions
Broccoli 6-8 4 before 55-75 Hardy Three weeks after transplanting Only during drought conditions
Brussels sprouts 6-8 55-75 Hardy Three weeks after transplanting At transplanting
Cabbage 6-8 Anytime after 38-40 Hardy Three weeks after transplanting Two to three weeks before harvest
Carrots 4-6 before 39-41 Half-hardy Preferably in the fall for the following spring Only during drought conditions
Cauliflower 6-8 4 before 65-75 Half-hardy Three weeks after transplanting Once, three weeks before harvest
Celery 6-8 60-70 Tender At time of transplanting Once a week
Corn 2 after 46-50 Tender When eight to ten inches tall, and again when first silk appears When tassels appear and cobs start to swell
Cucumbers 3-4 1-2 after 65-70 Very tender One week after bloom, and again three weeks later Frequently, especially when fruits form
Lettuce 4-6 2-3 after 40-75 Half-hardy Two to three weeks after transplanting Once a week
Melons 3-4 2 after 55-60 Very tender One week after bloom, and again three weeks later Once a week
Onion sets 4 before 34-36 Hardy When bulbs begin to swell, and again when plants are one foot tall Only during drought conditions
Parsnips 2-4 before 55-70 Hardy One year before planting Only during drought conditions
Peas 4-6 before 34-36 Hardy After heavy bloom and set of pods Regularly, from start of pod to set
Peppers 8-10 70-80 Very tender After first fruit-set Once a week
Potato tubers 2-4 before 55-70 Half-hardy At bloom time or time of second hilling Regularly, when tubers start to form
Pumpkins 3-4 1 after 55-60 Tender Just before vines start to run, when plants are about one foot tall Only during drought conditions
Radishes 4-6 before 39-41 Hardy Before spring planting Once a week
Spinach 4-6 before 55-65 Hardy When plants are one-third grown Once a week
Squash, summer 3-4 1 after 55-60 Very tender Just before vines start to run, when plants are about one foot tall Only during drought conditions
Squash, winter 3-4 1 after 55-60 Tender Just before vines start to run, when plants are about one foot tall Only during drought conditions
Tomatoes 6-8 50-55 Tender Two weeks before, and after first picking Twice a week

This information provided by The Old Farmer’s Almanac.

  • Elizabet

    To get rid of the pop-up ads, go to “Tools” on the toolbar. Open it, then go to “Options”. Hit that and put a check in the box that says “Block pop-ups”. That should work, although sometimes you may have to repeat the process. BTW, Home Depot and Walmart have had the Topsy Turvy planters for about $10.00 – I don’t know about current availability. Happy planting!

  • Robert I agree with you about annoying ads, especially those that cover up what you are trying to read ( vegetable planting chart) and you can’t get rid of them. At least I don’t know how! I am also a subscriber and don’t need these pop ups every time I open a Yankee page.

  • How can I stop the annoying pop-up offering a MSN Screensaver everytime I open another window in your magazine?
    It is to the point that I am considering terminating my subscription.
    While I am at it, how can I stop the solicitation for a magazine subscription when I already subscribe to Yankee?

  • I’ve printed the Growing Vegetables Chart and I’m curious to know what Yankee considers “drought conditions.”

  • CarolAnne

    Another important thing to remember when using upside down planters — you want to use a potting mix for soil, not potting soil. If the container is too heavy, it can pull out the hooks. I grew tomatoes upside down last year in the potting mix and was happy with the crop. A friend used potting soil and the container became so heavy after a rain that it ripped the hook right out of her porch!

  • We used one last year for strawberries….then in the fall we put the plants in the ground. We LOVED the topsy turvy. Yes, easy to water – extra water drains right out. We are going to try more this year BUT the savings of using the leftover hanging planters sounds more in my budget. TY for the idea. Happy gardening to all.

  • Steve

    The planters work fine, the only trouble is any vines growing longer than four to six feet will be on the floor depending on how high you hang it.

  • James

    I’m trying one for the first time and thusfar have a healthy tomatoe plant, loaded with blossoms. It get’s hot here in AZ and the soil (sand & Rock) leave a lot to be desired for Vegies. Peg N. I think the paper might work for you but a sponge with a cut in it will work better. Joann R., I find it interesting that your hanging them on the fence. I already had some hooks, left from previous owners, on our patio wall, so hung our new planter there. A precaution to those who may get some wind or routine breezes; Don’t hang to close to a structure. The wind &/or reflective heat from the patio have caused one side to burn or rub off on the wall. Other than that it’s great, I don’t think you can over water because the hole in the bottom drains excess water but keeps the soil above moist, if the top is kept partially covered.

  • A fellow that works at a nursery here in OK, said he has two of the topsy turvy plants and they are growing well and already have fruit on them.

  • joann

    My husband tried this last year and just used the regular hanging flower pot that normal annuals come in this time of year. The whole for drainage was already in the bottom and he just inserted a tomato plant down through the whole so it came out the bottom and we hung it. We had tons of cherry tomatoes. So we will be using the same procedure this year with other veggies. Because its hanging from hooks on our fence the animals can’t get to it, and it is a space saver.

    Good Luck and happy planting

  • Suzanne- what article did you read about planting in 7-up bottles andpails, I tryed locally to buy those topsy turvy planters and they are all sold out and the warehouses don’t have any in stock- so alot of people must be trying it!!!! This is in western Washington state. Any other ideas you can pass along would be appreciated Thank you


    I don’t have experience but I’m going to try it this year, what have I got to loose? I am going to use big containers from my son’s powdered protein for some and for others, a 2 liter 7-UP bottle. They say that the colored containers help to keep them from getting sunburned. I’m going to try it with my summer squash and cukes also. For this year, just in case it doesn’t work, I will also plant some in my garden. A tip that I read that I’m going to try is to use newspaper at the hole where the plant comes out so that it doesn’t fall out at first. That article also said you could just use pails, preferably with lids so that bugs can’t fall in. It might be fun, give it a try! That Topsy Turvy guy has made a bunch off the idea!

  • Rosalie

    Does anyone have experience with planting vegs in the upside down planters? There would definitely be fewer weeds (oh, joy!) but how about size, fertilizing, can you put in more than one plant? What about heavy vegetables, ie eggplant, pickling and cucumbers, etc? It sounds as if I need lessons learned – do you have some?

    Yours for weed free gardening and more free time,


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